Hydroponics is now largely accepted as an effective and enjoyable farming method to grow vegetable and fruits of various kinds. If you think of adopting hydroponics system, there are various options to consider and the size and set up of the system will be largely based on your funds and what type of farming you have to do with hydroponics. There are Four Main Hydroponic Systems. First let’s discuss about the major modes of hydro grow systems.
1. Ebb and Flow method
This is also known as Flood and Drain system, a globally accepted hydroponics model. This is the successor to the pervious Wick system, which can given more yield and also so a bit more complicated that Wick system. It consists of a pump to ensure continuous supply of nutrient-rich water to the root of the plants and then flowing back to the reservoir. In advanced models, this flow is also regulated using a timer.
2. Wick method
Wick systems are the primary and most inexpensive hydroponics model, ideal for the new comers. This is a passive structure without any moving parts. Wick system is meant to drag the essential nutrients for plant growth directly supplied to the grow medium. Wick is most ideal for smaller plants without the need for excessive nutrients for growth. Compared to the modern systems like Ebb and Flow hydroponics systems, Wick systems have some limitations too in terms of supplying the plants needing heavy moisture and nutrients.
3. Nutrient film method
Nutrient solution will constantly flow through the plant roots. This also consists of a pump and reservoir. There is no timer-regulated pumping as in nutrient film, the flow is continuous. Another major advantage is that this system doesn’t need growth medium. Plants are simply suspended to the plastic tray with roots dipped in flowing nutrient solution.Apart from these, a few other handy methods too like drip irrigation is used for hydroponics and there are various other experimentations are also ongoing in hydroponics at different pars of the world. Next, we will discuss some do’s and don’ts in hydroponics.
#1 Do ensure maximize light
Ensure that the plants have enough access to light for effective photosynthesis process in the hydroponics systems. Based on the need of various plants, there should be enough natural light or artificial lighting at the grow area.
#2 Don’t allow pests
It’s essential to know about the harmful pests to various plants and do the needful to keep them away. This includes, but not limited to the fungus gnats and tiny critters which may devastate the plant growth cycles.
#3 Do evaluate CO2 additions
Supplying carbon dioxide can help plants to perform better in some situations. Research bout CO2 at your space and check if it will be ideal to add some CO2 canisters to the growth area.
#4 Don’t let the hydroponics plants to grow wild
Hydroponics plants require proper cutting and pruning in order to get the best yield. Don’t ever let them to fend and grow wild. Use screens and trellises to ensure plant growth in best conditions.
For each types of plants you grow in the system, there are different approaches to be made. The key to success in terms of hydroponics farming is the knowledge and right insights you gain for proper management of it.